If a penalty charge is not paid or the Notice successfully challenged within the period of twenty-eight days (the payment period) beginning with the date on which the PCN was served, the Council (as or acting on behalf of the Enforcement Authority) will serve a Notice to Owner (NtO) on the owner of the vehicle requesting payment of the penalty charge.

Owners receiving an NtO may make a 'representation' against it on the grounds specified in 4(4) of the Regulations by returning the completed and signed NtO or submit a representation online. A Notice of Acceptance will be issued and the penalty charge cancelled should a representation be accepted. A Notice of Rejection will be issued should a representation be rejected and the 'owner' must then either pay the penalty charge due or submit an appeal to the independent adjudication service. Further information on the appeals procedure can be found at http://www.trafficpenaltytribunal.gov.uk

Should all stages be passed without payment or 'appeal', the final stage of the legislative process is for the Council to apply to the statutory designated County Court to recover the charge under a 'Warrant of Control' using Enforcement Agents (Bailiffs). Further fees will be applied by the Enforcement Agent in accordance with legislation to cover the cost of the recovery of the debt under the Warrant of Control.